Quand la BNP se prêtait à des achats d’armes pour achever les Tutsi

Publié le 14 mai 2014 .


En plein embargo sur les armes pour le Rwanda, pendant le génocide, les achats ont continué via de grandes banques, en particulier françaises.
Le 18 mai 1994, le Conseil de sécurité adopta un embargo sur les livraisons d’armes à destination du Rwanda en vertu du chapitre VII de la charte des Nations Unies. La France vota pour alors que le général Quesnot, chef d’état­-major particulier du Président de la République, y était opposé. Il faisait observer début mai à François Mitterrand que « les forces gouvernementales rwandaises sont à court de munitions et d’équipements militaires. Mais, poursuivait-­il, le Quai d’Orsay, faisant état de l’opinion publique et de la nécessité de ne pas alimenter le conflit, estime nécessaire d’appuyer la proposition américaine d’embargo sur les armes et les munitions à destination du Rwanda. »

 

Bagosora fait son marché aux Seychelles

Le 24 juin 1994, l’ambassade états­ unienne aux îles Seychelles informa Washington de ses démarches auprès du président René au sujet d’une livraison d’armes au Zaïre destinée en réalité au Rwanda. Celui­-ci admit qu’ils avaient pu être abusés et l’a faite interrompre .
C’est un parti politique, l’« United Opposition », qui a accusé le gouvernement de jeter de l’huile sur le feu en vendant des armes au Rwanda alors que l’opinion était bouleversée par les atrocités qui s’y déroulaient. Il fit savoir dans la presse locale que le 4 juin, un Zaïrois et un Sud­-Africain avaient débarqué de Johannesbourg.
Le 16 juin, un Rwandais était arrivé à bord d’un avion zaïrois. Il repartit pour Goma avec une première cargaison d’armes. Le 18 juin, un avion zaïrois emportait une nouvelle cargaison. La présence d’un Rwandais ne laissait pas de doute sur la destination réelle de ces armes, poursuivait le communiqué, qui demandait au gouvernement de s’expliquer . Le ministre de la Défense des Seychelles, James Michel, était mis en cause . Ces armes faisaient partie d’un stock que le gouvernement seychellois avait confisqué à bord d’un bateau appelé Le Malo, arraisonné en mars 1993 . Elles étaient destinées à la Somalie, frappée alors d’embargo international.
En 1995, l’enquête de Kathi Austin pour Human Rights Watch a révélé que le colonel Bagosora, organisateur du génocide des Tutsi, se faisant passer pour un officier zaïrois, avait négocié cet achat d’armes par l’intermédiaire d’un Sud­ Africain nommé Petrus Willem Ehlers.
Deux avions d’Air Zaïre transportèrent 80 tonnes d’armes, dont 2 500 fusils d’assaut Kalashnikov AK47, des centaines de milliers de balles pour fusils et mitrailleuses, des grenades, des obus de mortiers, etc. Ces armes arrivèrent à Goma dans les nuits des 16­-17 et 18­-19 juin 1994. Elles furent remises à l’armée gouvernementale rwandaise à Gisenyi . Au Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda, Bagosora confirma qu’une troisième rotation a été suspendue car il risquait lui­-même de se faire arrêter (10/11/2005).

 

Des armes financées par un compte à la BNP

La commission de l’ONU chargée d’enquêter sur les violations de l’embargo a révélé que le général Baoko-­Yoka, vice­ ministre zaïrois de la Défense, a délivré un permis de transport et d’affrètement à Ehlers en date du 13 juin 1994 . Elle a précisé qu’Ehlers a versé aux Seychelles pour cet achat 180 000 $ le 15 juin, puis 150 000 $ le 17, soit 330 000 $ en tout. Son compte en Suisse 82 113 CHEATA, agence de Lugano, Union Bancaire Privée (UBP), a été crédité le 14 juin 1994 de 592 784 $, puis le 16 juin de 734 099 $, soit plus d’un million trois cent mille dollars US. D’après le ministre suisse de la justice, «  les ordres de virement au compte de M. Ehlers des 14 et 16 juin 1994 avaient été donnés par la Banque nationale du Rwanda à Kigali. Les fonds émanaient de la Banque nationale de Paris, SA, à Paris  » . Le gouvernement français n’a pas répondu à la lettre du 13 août 1998 de la commission d’enquête de l’ONU .
En 1998, Le Figaro publie un document du 16 juin 1994 signé Bagosora certifiant que l’avion QC9LV était affrété par l’armée zaïroise pour transporter des armes des Seychelles au Zaïre sous la responsabilité du ministère de la Défense zaïrois. Petrus Willem Ehlers a été secrétaire de Pieter Willem Botha, Premier ministre d’Afrique du Sud. Ehlers connaît bien la France : de 1970 à 1972, il a suivi un entraînement militaire sur les sous­ marins à Toulon et Lorient, et il est en contact avec Jean­Yves Ollivier, proche de Michel Roussin, ministre de la Coopération en 1994. Interrogée par Le Figaro sur cette transaction, la BNP n’a pas répondu.

Les victimes attendent réparation

Lors de la Commission d’enquête citoyenne de 2004, François­Xavier Verschave déclarait : « Rien n’empêcherait de porter plainte contre M. Ehlers pour complicité dans le génocide, puisque lui avoue avoir été l’intermédiaire dans une livraison d’armes au camp génocidaire. Cela n’a pas été fait, mais ce serait sûrement possible. »
Lors de la même Commission, le sénateur belge Pierre Galand a montré que d’autres banques françaises, d’autres officines de ventes de matériels militaires, ont continué à travailler avec le gouvernement génocidaire après la décision d’embargo. Pourquoi n’auraient­-elles pas à rendre des comptes et à verser des réparations aux victimes ?

 http://survie.org/billets-d-afrique/2014/234-avril-2014/article/quand-la-bnp-se-pretait-a-des-4701

Comments

  1. Last week there was an article on NATION--quoting that the Seychelles government is the first and only country asking the UN to open a criminal investigation against war crimes in SYRIA.Maybe Michel and RENE should first face the International criminal court for the role in RWANDA genocide?As Mr F.X Verschave puts it"cela nâ pas été fait,mais ce serait sürement possible" and I agree with him.Michel government surely thinks by Calling for a UN criminal investigation in Syria,he could distract the world from his own crimes through DIPLOCRACY--What for an audacity of an evil creature to call on UN to open an Investigation of Syria war crimes while himself have committed astrocity of his own people like ASSAD.But the problem the RWANDANS as well as the World refuse to forget history for the know the danger it entails to do so,namely it would repeat itself.

    Seychellois must understand the gravity of the role paled by the two criminals--without their actions the mass murder would have been less important if not won't happen.In order for RWANDA to heal this still open wound completely and for victims to finally feel justice was made,the main players would have to face justice for the crimes.Among the main palyers Rene and Michel is tow of the most notorious,for the crooked actions made it possible for HUTU to massacred so much innocent Rwandans.

    HUTU supporters RENE AND MICHEL by supplying those extremists with arms ,allowed the HUTU to coordinate a killing spree that cost ONE MILLION innocent^RWANDANS lives.How could any one wqith a moral accept that perpetrators to the likes of Michel the Butcher and RENE get away from the crimes?

    It took almost twenty years to jailed the first culprit form his crimes,thus it is never too long to wait for justice that includes for RENE and MIChel .
    I asure RENE who unstil now was afraid to die,is asking himself "why am I still alive,ICC might soon come after me for my involvement in RWANDA genocide.i though they haave alreada forgotten my role in it .but it seems they will never forget it until all perpetrators face justice"

    Jeanne D'Arc



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  2. Just curious, any of those name ring your bell: Captain Guy Pool, Ogilvy Berlouis, PtiKlod, D'Offay, Manese, Marie, Frikienine, Lika.Bonte.
    After four (4) decades you only a few big belly pork officials taking pictures with gifted boats from arabs and chinese. The best thing about it is they laugh at everything that moves. What a bunch of tools!

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    1. Capt. Guy Pool was the Guy involved in the Bombing of the Reef Hotel, the bomb was prepared by Albert Rene himself. And Capt. Guy Pool was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment by Chief Justice Souyave but later pardoned by President Mancham through intermediate of Prime Minister Albert Rene in the coalition Government, only to take part in the Coup d'Etat shortly after his release. He was assigned to kill President Mancham had he been in the country on the night of the coup.
      He was made Captain in the new Army immediately after the coup by Albert Rene, his reward for participating in many criminal acts. But God forbids when one goes too far, he was killed in an accident driving a tractor - he had no official authorization nor skill to drive a tractor. His testicles were crushed and busted open. (Taken from the ICC files)

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    2. Wow! anymore from those ICC files?

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    3. The files say that 'Ptlklod' real name was Claude Vidot. The record shows similarities to what is happening in Nigeria today where 200 young girls have been kidnapped and treated as sex slaves by Boko Haram militants. Then Albert Rene confined young girls in camps called NYS and 'Pti Klod' was his right hand man. He acted as the procurer of young girls from NYS both for himself and the boss. Those girls are matured women now and their statements described the debaucheries vividly. Ptiklod was connected to criminal acts like murders and disappearances such as in the cases of Simon Denouse, Gilbert Morgan, Hassan Ali etc. Even Ptiklod is dead now but many of his associates are still alive, and there is no time limitation for prosecution for those connected to those horrible acts, particularly here at the Hague.

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    4. What about the others, any information on files for them?

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    5. They all have their documentation updated. It would be too long to reveal all the information on all of them. Briefly one may summarize the group as murderers and paid assassins who were on Rene's pay-roll and some are still on the pay-roll of the Government of Seychelles under different voucher headings such as 'Retired Major'.
      D'Offay was well documented for his cold blooded murder of Davidson Chang-Him at the Police Headquarters on 5th. June 1977. The murder was witnessed by Chief Justice Quinn who was locked up in a police cell at that time.
      Berlouis was a top aide to Rene in the coup d'Etat, but failed in his own coup attempt against Rene.
      Bonte is another assassin, has connection in the murders of the Italian at North East Point, Gilbert Morgan and several others. Likewise Manese was also involved in the Italian killing at North East Point. Marie the ex-Special Branch officer and Frikienine the driver from Takamaka were part of Rene's assassin group.
      Today is the anniversary of the Coup d'Etat and death of Davidson Chang-Him, hope to see you all at the Hague soon.



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  3. Zom Lib to be placed on granite base raised 1.0 meter since he is too short to see over the fence at Maison Du Peuple like shrinking Ton Albert Rene. Sote Pele si ou le........Bondye pe vin pran ou! Bye Bye! Apre sa ou parti ya swiv!

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  4. In Ram wkly news flash he talked about a very disturbing issue in the country.The sunction of state killings of innocent civilians.How could that be possible in this day n age especially when you have organisation like ICC . The UN,Humanright watch,Foreign Ambassies based on Seychelles to report these vicious incidents.My question to mr ramkallawan is how long has he had those informations to come out now after so many deaths has been done.What has he done about it?Who are these people involved in the killings?surely someone must know.lets put their names in public.Mr ramkallawan calls for opening the files of Andy Laurence who died 3 wks ago but also Claude Monnaies,Ryan Cedras,Dhamandra Eulentin,Ricky Hermitte,Daniel Adrienne.In actual facts all unsolved murders on the island should be reopen.one other that strike the is the disappearence of Andrew Poponeau an ex army corporal that simply vanished after I heard he was capture during the army rebellion in 1982.Who order the killing of Andrew Poponeau?
    All these killings highlighted by mr Ram happen i presumed after the return of multi party in the Seychelles.
    I also wonder what JRM has got to say about those killings and reconcilliation national.

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  5. Paul Audool turn in an attempt to evade his picture from the photo.He knows fully well tthat his action was wrong.he nows walk in town with a body guard afraid of his action.

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  6. Their tracks are still haunting them. What a shame SPPF has become.

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  7. 16-24
    I think in arm selling the Rene and Michel were the string pullers,.Berlouis and the rests would have to answer in our National crimes committed on Seychellois and on our soil.Maison Du pueple -built on Public land with public Money ,thus belong to the people.Pp wants to create a Museum .Let them create their Museum,After they are toppled ,we would not close the Musuem ,but name it the MUSEUM of INFAMY---those fake aticles attached under the picture of the butcher and Far would be preaplce with the real sotries,Pictures of the victims would be attach to them,etc so that Seychellois could see and remember the butchers who murdered many innocent Seychellois.In other owrds,RENE and Michel want to be seen as heros,devine spirits we would ensure that they are remembered as murderes and not heros.

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  8. Conference Partilepep---apart from Michel and FAURE --looking at other participants none seems enthusiastic,happy, but rather worry,afraid questioning themselves and asking themselves on if they would stay or leave partilepep that is crumbling and the risks of losing their lives in the place of Michel and RENE who have and still went to drag them inot committing mass suicide in WACO sTyle a decade ago in TEXAS USA.We could not hear those previous long,loud ,fanfare hand clapping as it use to be in North Korea style when the dear leader enter the room -You kniw guys there is a solution to save your lives and avoid paying for Rene and Michel crimes it is called demission.Maybe you should follow in the foot steps of Mr Affif.Do it now for waiting until 2016 would cost you your lives for not re- acting on time.

    Jeanne D'Arc

    Jeanne D'Arc

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    1. Seychelles First1 June 2014 at 02:42

      Michel's zombie government is out of ideas and out of steam !!

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  9. Every Seychellois that sits in conspiracy with James Michel, in a room, is a Collaborator to sell our patrimony to Khalifa, and enslave every Seychellois.
    You sell outs in PL, rise up against your sell out leader, do what you must to remove him. Rise up against your communist block led by Danny Faure. Do what you must for Seychelles and Seychellios. Stop living off the crumbs of Khalifa like cowards. You are a disgrace to Seychelles as you watch Michel sell her like a whore. He has taken lessons from James Richard Mancham and he will sell you like a packet of mackerel and promise you 2 Guinness to feed your babies.

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  10. That's what you get with old regime who have lost their way of leading the next generation ban old balls and old pussy voler e corrupt.

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  11. TIRANT --- Today in Seychelles ,writes this on Michel the Butcher"the audacity of a Patriot"

    What are the essences of a Patriot?There are many ways to define the word Patriot or what Patriot is.However,few people truly understand what it really means to grasp the essence of a patriot.
    A person can call himself a patriot becuase he loves his country or he defends what his country stands for.The reality of becoming a patriot involves much more then claiming the title due to one's general beliefs and so called commitment to his country.

    The true Patriot understand not only the history of his country and what sacrifices have been made to establish his way of life but he also understands the sacrifes that men must make to preserve that way of life and defends it at all cost.

    Genuine Patriotism is a benefit to Nation^`Public Spirit has a valid purpose----He gives a nation's people a common purpose and rallys them to support the government .

    Patriotism is a paramount Moral VIRTUE(Has a killer to the likes of Michel the Butcher has virtue?)it is a concept as the people who live in a Nation founded on the ideal.

    A Patriot unites not divide,he is a person who defence liberties,the freedom our civil Constitution(not raped it with an AK 47).
    Patriotism is standing up for the people when crooks steal from them,it is applying the truth in that old saying"that a chain is only as strong as it weakest link to our own country",it is opposing wedge politics that demonizes poor,citizens,it is appllying the old-fashioned Rule----treating the people the way one wants to be treated,it is loyalty to one's country understood as loyalty to the set of ideals under which it was founded ,it is sdevotion to the welfare of one^s compatriots(not expats and foreigners).

    As for a society it is any collectively of human being bound together under a recognize Authority(not a dictatorship)in common actions(not alone) for common purpose.

    There is nothing Patriotic using Patriotism as a tool to silence all criticisms,rape citizens^rights sell out their patrimony,birthrights, restricting the immense talent Seychellois,denying then them chance to utilizing,shape and celebrate Seychellois talent under a misplaced notion of Patriotism.


    Patriotism is not pretending,is not relying on fear and hatred to divide,it is not elitism,it isn't might make it right and power grant privileges,it is more than love one's country(fFOR COUNTRY IS ITS PEOPLE).

    Michel loves his country that he deliberately and wickedly allow foreigners to destroy its environment,bult illegally in National Reserves,allow terroists to the likes of Khalifa built mosques in it Christain land,,he loves his people so much that imported mercenaries to butcher them,he robbed,import monkeys from African to control their institutions etc..etc..etc


    You know what you not neither a Patriot nor a Hero ,but a real VILAIN donkey.

    Jeanne D'Arc

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  12. 02.42
    The pseudo-patriot---who loves his people by butchering them,robbing them,selling out their patrimony,allowing foreigners to enslave them,destorying their environment,controlling their institutions,pay mercneries to butcher .them,allow arbs to import terrorism to them,give let Arab design their Christian City Development Planning for them,.He typifiesthe famous Dictum"Patriotsim is the last refuse of scoundrels"advocating true Patriotism certainly does not make one a scoundrel,the dictum refers to the pseudo-Patriotism display by mala fide Patriots to the the likes of Michel,FAURE RENE,PIERRE;RAM;Bernard Geroge,Mancham,and the rest.

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  13. 16.10
    RAm wirtes the astrcoites of Pp in his articles then go shake hands ,drink tea and eat cookies with Michel at State house like Pierre.But he cannot fool Seychellois,The altter knows that those who shake hands with the butcher at statehouse in front of SBC are fake,wicked,stooge,.Real Oppostion Leader who is Chris is not invited at Statehouse or on SBC,for he refuse to shake Michel's bloody hands.

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  14. Andy Laurence the last victim of .Michel's mercenaires. NDEA

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  15. After 5 decades butcering his people,the butcher finger has become so weak,he cannot do the killing himself so he recruited mer^cwnaires to do his dirty job.

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  16. I told once again prepare yourself to defend yourself from meceneries and brutal police and your right against evils.Andy Laurence was young talent footballer was representing our country international they took his life Seychellios been kill and his murder walking free.How long how long Michel and co you will continue kill our brothers from 1977 till 2014 liki zot manman can not handle the youths you kill them you better f**king get lost in this chair at state house house of criminals.Any one who know who did it just put their names on this blog make their family feel the heat.
    I thing when you and pp left state house, priest have to come and give benediction to remove devils in this house.

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  17. Michel you should visit pope Francis in Rome may be he can try to remove those devils out of you.

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  18. Pp atheists and crooks were celebrating their Capo di tutti Capi--Michel- They wre celebrating him for:

    -Abusing Human rights
    -Sex slave trafficking
    -hard drug trafficking
    -bankrupting our country
    -robbing 2,5 billions from our cofer
    -for import and incubating (in mosues)breeding and in the future hatch potential Islamic teorirst on our soil
    -participation in Rwanda genocide
    -butchering his people.
    -importing mercneries to butcher Seychellois
    -importing Gorillas to illegal control our justice syste¨
    -Sinn Feind teorrists to control our police forces
    -Emprovish Seychellois by importing Expats to take Sechelois jobs
    -promoting teenager pregnancy and chld abuses
    -destroying our tourism industry
    selling our patrimony to foreigners
    -öleaving our people with a pharaoic foreign debt
    -making us dependet on foreign iad
    -Operating a brothel in Kempskin hotel
    -gifting North Korean söies and other international terrorist our passports
    -for killing unborn babies in our hospitals
    -corruption
    allowing khalfia to poison our drinking water with his shit
    -allowing foreigners to destroyed our environment
    -allowing foreign forces to abuse our EEZ
    -Money laundering
    -financial leakage
    -the list is just endless and after al lthis partilepep atheist and thugs call him a Patriot.

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  19. They are also some in pp celebration and some in 1977 were still wearing (Tapi) who don't even know the past of this man and co till today 2014 they still butchering.

    And letting Seychelles falling in arabo hands.Its time that this issue is rise or brought internationally we can let our country fall in arab hands and terrorists.Me call it new colony and its arabo turn and they are coming to stay for life.
    ME NO WHAT MY PREGNANT DAUGHTER TO BE STONE TO DEATH. Latly in Paskistan a family stone their pregnant daughter to death and his father say he had no regret.Thats what you Seychellios want to see in the future on this island?

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  20. GIVING OUR FISH FOR FREE:

    PP WHEN WE WILL HAVE OUR OWN FISHING VESSEL IN OUR PORT?WE EXPORT OUR FISH AND GIVE YOUTHS WORK MARON and can keep some of them away from heroin.Why? to many youths are jobless.

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  21. In hundred years---after foreigners would have dried up our EEZ for its resources.For Michel is busy fighting Terrorists that donot exist in our waters instead of Chinese,Thai,Iranian,Tiawaese,Sir Lankan illegal fishing boats.

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  22. Seychellois who due to their heritage that is Euroepan heritage have a highly civilize culture,tradtion,mentalizty and believe because of or chritain roots that All Human was created EQAULLY--and they harshly defence this.We would never let primitive ARABS because they have oil and became rich to come and destroy our heritage,culture,tradtions, history and bring us back to the stone age and follow an illiterate,pedophil and criminal to the Likes of Khalifa Grand grand father MOHHAMMAD the preserve and ugly camel.

    Man evoluate and civilize and thus we should never accept any ideology,emntality or stone mentality imported by primitives from abroad that backward,animalize,demonize Huamn beings to take roots in our Christain land,our fatherland given to us by GOD our creator.We have nothing ,but nothing at in common with Arabs and Islam.Seychellis chritain believe is not only our religion but part of our history thus a main source of our identity ,who we are as a Nation.We can not allow Camels to import stne ideology(islam is not a religion)force their ideology on us that would destroy our identity and our origine.

    Seychellois are proud of their EUROEPAN 7African ROOTS--that what make us who we are.And as any other Nation we must defence,protect our identity by all means.

    A nation without his roots become like a tree with roots it just cannot exist.So let us defence our culture,tradtion, history relgion for all that make us who we are.And Islam is surely not what make us who we are.allowing it to propagate will destroy our identity as a Nation.

    Jeanne D'Arc

    Jeanne D?Arc


    Jeanne D'Arc

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  23. Murder pp wrote Far!

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  24. That picture showing Michel and Rene with their gang of trigger happy, AK47 bearing, murdering terrorists speaks a thousand words!

    Keep it for posterity.

    The Seychelles was not at war on 05 June 1977.
    There was no foreign invader in the Seychelles territory.
    Those guns were meant to kill the people of Seychelles; those who dared want to stop this terrorist group from committing the worst crime ever recorded in the history of Seychelles - the overthrow of a legitimate government by the use of force.

    After that picture was taken, many innocent citizens mysteriously disappeared!
    The leaders of this terrorist group could explain what happened.
    They chose not to, for self serving reasons.

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  25. The world should know that the SPUP/SPPF/PL is a Terrorist organization.
    They are known to have gunned down a political leader in London.
    They are known to have supplied arms to the rebels in Congo.
    For much of the time they terrorize their own people at home.

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  26. PAUL BERANGER SEPERATED HIMSELF FROM SPUP AND ALBERT RENE ONE YEAR AFTER COUP DE TAT. BERANGER SAW THE SEYCHELLES IS BECOMING MORE COMMI. AND NEVER GOT INVITED TO MAURITIUS. HE TOLD RENE TO RELAX HIS GRIP FOR SESEL TO PROSPECT IN FUTURE. NEVER DID.
    ET VOILA. THATS WHY HE KEPT DISTANT.

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